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Evolutions microstructurales du PEEK au-dessus de sa température de transition vitreuse lors de maintiens sous pression et température

Abstract : At least one fraction of the amorphous phase of semi-crystalline polymers, confined by the crystalline lamellae, is in out-of-equilibrium state, so that "physical aging" or "secondary crystallization" features can be observed (e. g., by calorimetry) even above the glass transition temperature. This issue has already been addressed in the literature in several semi-crystalline polymers at atmospheric pressure. But despite the well-known influence of pressure on molecular mobility, the pressure-sensitivity of these microstructure rearrangements has never been tackled. This study focuses on amorphous evolution occurring in highly pressurized Poly-Ether-Ether-Ketone (PEEK), in comparison with atmospheric pressure. The phenomenon is tracked by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). A significant influence of pressure is evidenced, pressure confining rearrangements within spatially limited domains. The stability and co-existence of reorganization processes upon successive annealings is also investigated. Finally, relationships between constrained and free amorphous phase rearrangements are discussed. The free fraction of the amorphous phase results relaxed after annealing at atmospheric pressure and stabilized into a denser state after high pressure annealing. All these results allow to discuss the phenomena involved in the microstructural evolution of PEEK: a "physical aging" or "secondary crystallization".
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Marion Dasriaux. Evolutions microstructurales du PEEK au-dessus de sa température de transition vitreuse lors de maintiens sous pression et température. Matériaux. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ESMA0025⟩. ⟨tel-00786016⟩

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