Global existence and fast-reaction limit in reaction-diffusion systems with cross effects

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the study of parabolic systems of partial differential equations arising in mass action kinetics chemistry, population dynamics and electromigration theory. We are interested in the existence of global solutions, uniqueness of weak solutions, and in the fast-reaction limit in a reaction-diffusion system. In the first chapter, we study two cross-diffusion systems. We are first interested in a population dynamics model, where cross effects in the interactions between the different species are modeled by non-local operators. We prove the well-posedness of the corresponding system for any space dimension. We are then interested in a cross-diffusion system which arises as the fast-reaction limit system in a classical system for the chemical reaction C1+C2=C3. We prove the convergence when k goes to infinity of the solution of the system with finite reaction speed k to a global solution of the limit system. The second chapter contains new global existence results for some reaction-diffusion systems. For networks of elementary chemical reactions of the type Ci+Cj=Ck and under Mass Action Kinetics assumption, we prove the existence and uniqueness of global strong solutions, for space dimensions N<6 in the semi-linear case, and N<4 in the quasi-linear case. We also prove the existence of global weak solutions for a class of parabolic quasi-linear systems with at most quadratic non-linearities and with initial data that are only assumed to be nonnegative and integrable. In the last chapter, we generalize a global well-posedness result for reaction-diffusion systems whose nonlinearities have a "triangular" structure, for which we now take into account advection terms and time and space dependent diffusion coefficients. The latter result is then used in a Leray-Schauder fixed point argument to prove the existence of global solutions in a diffusion-electromigration system.
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Guillaume Rolland. Global existence and fast-reaction limit in reaction-diffusion systems with cross effects. General Mathematics [math.GM]. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012DENS0079⟩. ⟨tel-00785757v2⟩



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