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Étude de la cinétique et du mécanisme de sulfuration de ZnO par H2S

Abstract : Among the second generation biofuels processes, the "biomass to liquid" process aims at turning agricultural wastes into fuels. This process comprises a first step of feed gasification into a synthesis gas, composed of CO and H2. Sulfur compounds such as H2S are also present in the synthesis gas and must be removed, in order to prevent Fischer-Tropsch catalyst poisoning. deep desulfurization is achieved with metal oxides such as zinc oxide, which reacts with H2S according to the reaction: ZnO(s) + H2S(g) → ZnS(s) + H2O(g) nevertheless to our knowledge, most of the studies found in the literature do not describe accurately the mechanism involved at a crystal scale. The aim of this work was to determine the elementary steps of the ZnO sulfidation reaction, and in fine to establish a kinetic rate model in agreement with the proposed mechanism. The sulfidation reaction has been studied through thermogravimetric experiments. SEM and TEM characterizations of sulfided ZnO have revealed the presence of voids inside particles, that is evidence an external growth of ZnS phase. A sulfidation mechanism with eight elementary steps has been proposed, based on zinc and oxygen diffusion through the ZnS layer from the internal ZnO/ZnS interface to the ZnS surface. The rate determining step of the reaction was determined from the study of the influence of H2S and H2O partial pressures on the reaction rate. A "mixed kinetics" based on two elementary steps was considered: external interface reaction with H2O desorption and oxygen diffusion. Cavities formation at the internal ZnO/ZnS interface leading to a decreasing contact zone between ZnO and ZnS phases might be responsible for the reaction rate blocking observed on the kinetic curves.
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Laure Neveux. Étude de la cinétique et du mécanisme de sulfuration de ZnO par H2S. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011EMSE0621⟩. ⟨tel-00785650⟩

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