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Application de la réfraction négative à l'imagerie acoustique à l'aide de cristaux phononiques bidimensionnels

Abstract : This investigation deals with wave propagation in two dimensional phononic crystals (PC) made of solid scatterers embedded in solid or fluid matrices. After characterizing such composite materials, their application to acoustic imaging is brought to the forth. The ultrasonic techniques used in the experiments allow the complete measurement of the acoustic transmitted fields and the investigations concern frequency bandwidth able to exhibit negative refraction allowing the super-resolution effects. In order to complete the analysis, different theoretical tools are used: Plane Wave Expansion (PWE) and Finite Elements Method (FEM). The first part of this work deals with the realization and characterization of PC to be introduced into acoustic imaging devices (lenses) based on negative refraction. Special attention is given to characteristics such as circular equi-frequency contours, or index and impedance matching. However, during the acoustic wave propagation in a solid PC immersed in water, the presence of different Bloch modes contributing to the transmission of ultrasound is revealed and the index matching was not possible to obtain. Therefore the second part of the manuscript deals with negative refraction and waves focusing through a PC filled with a fluid. After determining the crystal properties, last chapter is devoted to the evaluation of the performances of acoustic imaging systems based on phononic lens.
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Contributor : Etoungh Dimitri Manga <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 6, 2013 - 11:02:11 AM
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Etoungh Dimitri Manga. Application de la réfraction négative à l'imagerie acoustique à l'aide de cristaux phononiques bidimensionnels. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00785442⟩

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