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Élaboration de protéines fluorescentes ayant un fort potentiel en imagerie

Abstract : The Enhanced Cyan Fluorescent Protein (ECFP) is a variant of Green Fluorescent Protein extracted from the jellyfish Aequaria Victoria (GFPav). The ECFP, emitting in the cyan, is one of the most donors used in studies of resonant transfer excitation energy and is integrated in many constructions of biosensors. However, it suffers from several drawbacks. In particular, it presents a complex photophysical properties and high environmental sensitivity that are obstacles to its quantitative interpretation of fluorescence signals in cellular imaging. Our goal is to develop, through the introduction of minimum mutations, a derivative of the ECFP with simplified emission properties and low environmental sensitivity.Mutations were introduced by site-directed mutagenesis, into two positions in the peptide sequence of ECFP which helped to generate derivatives with modulated photophysical properties and low pH sensitivity. In particular, we have managed to generate a fluorescent protein, Aquamarine, with almost ideal photophysical properties characterized by a quantum yield of about 0.9 and pure single exponential fluorescence decay. It also has a greatly reduced sensitivity to the pH with half transition point near 3.3.This manuscript presents a detailed study of fluorescence properties of various proteins generated. Several parameters for proper use in fluorescence imaging were evaluated. In addition to the pH sensitivity based on a wide range of pH (2.5 to 11), particular attention was paid to the photophysical performance (simpler fluorescence emission decay, average lifetime, quantum yield, brightness, ...) of these derivatives. In addition, we studied structural changes on these derivatives at acidic pH by circular dichroism. Finally, a detailed examination of the steady state fluorescence and time-resolved fluorescence helped to highlight the existence of several emissive species contributing to the photophysics of these proteins and the origin of their acid transition. These results constitute a first approach to a better understanding of the structure-photophysical dynamics of ECFP-and these derivatives
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Asma Fredj. Élaboration de protéines fluorescentes ayant un fort potentiel en imagerie. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112257⟩. ⟨tel-00785092⟩

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