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Compaction des roches réservoirs peu ou non consolidées : impacts sur les propriétés de transport

Abstract : During hydrocarbon production, the extraction of fluid induces a decrease of pore pressure called depletion. This depletion causes a change in the stress field that results in an increased stress on the rock by enhancement of the effective stress in the reservoir. In situ measurements show that the stress variations can be described by the so-called stress path parameter, defined as the ratio of the change in effective horizontal stress by the change in effective overburden stress from initial reservoir conditions. This production induced compaction can have severe consequences in the case of poorly consolidated reservoirs. Compaction induces variations of petrophysical properties of in situ rocks and particularly permeability variations, one of the most important parameters controlling reservoir performance. Yet it is one of the most difficult properties to measure. To complicate matters further, permeability anisotropy is often found in reservoirs. Therefore the horizontal permeability kh, may be different from the vertical permeability kv. The aim of this study is to understand the influence of stress paths on the mechanical behavior and coupled permeability evolutions of a Quartz sand (Durance Sand, DS) and a weakly consolidated sandstone (Otter Sherwood Sandstone, OSS which is the reservoir rock of the Wytch Farm oil field, UK). We found that the weakly consolidated rock presents a mechanical behavior similar to that of consolidated rocks. However, the sand shows a different behavior, with a gradual transition regime which requires the use of a curvature criterion to peak yield stresses on the stress-strain evolution plot; this criterion has been validated on the basis of Acoustic Emission analysis. The elastic and plastic deformation regimes are well identified and the determined yield stresses are fitted using the modified Cam-Clay and Elliptic Cap models for all observed onsets of plastic yielding. Both vertical and horizontal permeability have been measured during loading. To analyze the influence of end effects during loading in the triaxial cell, permeabilities measured over the mid-section and over the total core length were compared. For the horizontal flow, the geometrical and anisotropy factors were determined using Finite Element simulations in order to calculate the correct horizontal permeability. Permeability evolution follows closely the material deformation and is controlled by both volumetric and shears strains. It is possible to infer the effect of the mean pressure and/or the deviatoric stress on the permeability evolution by building isopermeability maps in the stress space. Finally, an application of elasto-plastic modeling to predict the hydromechanical behavior of the weakly consolidated rock is presented. This approach allows a satisfying prediction of the permeability evolution with stresses, using an exponential function of an effective strain. Reversely for DS, the link between strain and permeability is not obvious as permeability reduction is pronounced at early stage of loading. To understand these permeability evolutions, a damage analysis has been performed using core analysis measurements and multi-scale imaging.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 4, 2013 - 11:53:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:38:39 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00784905, version 1




van Hung Nguyen. Compaction des roches réservoirs peu ou non consolidées : impacts sur les propriétés de transport. Mécanique []. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00784905⟩



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