Valence bond approach to the low-energy physics of antiferromagnets

David Schwandt 1
1 Fermions Fortement Corrélés (LPT)
LPT - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique - IRSAMC
Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is the treatment of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model within the valence bond basis, allowing for the description of its low-energy physics. The manuscript is organized in two parts: In the first part we utilize the fidelity concept in order to detect quantum phase transitions. It is notably shown, that this quantity is accessible in a valence bond projector quantum Monte Carlo algorithm, making available the fidelity approach to large scale simulations. The second part is devoted to the generalization of an idea going back to Rokhsar and Kivelson, which aims to map a Heisenberg model onto a numerically less demanding quantum dimer model. Starting from a rigourous derivation, the method is then applied to the kagomé lattice and allows to establish the existence of a tricritical point in the vicinity of the original model. The same technique is also used to treat the J1-J2-J3 Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice, showing the existence of a plaquette phase in a determined parameter regime.
Document type :
Theses
Strongly Correlated Electrons [cond-mat.str-el]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2011. English
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David Schwandt. Valence bond approach to the low-energy physics of antiferromagnets. Strongly Correlated Electrons [cond-mat.str-el]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2011. English. 〈tel-00783224〉

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