Semi-groupes de matrices et applications

Abstract : We study matrix semigroups with different point of view that overlaps. The growth point of view seems to be related with the geometric point of view : we partially generalize to the semigroups a theorem on groups of Patterson-Sullivan-Paulin, that give the equality between the critical exponent and the Hausdorff dimension of the limit set. We obtain this in the general framework of isometries of a Gromov-hyperbolic space, and our proof give also others new results. The computer science point of view is also related to the growth, since we obtain a way to calculate exact values of critical exponents of somes β-adic development semigroups, from a notion of automatic semigroups that we introduce. Furthermore this point of view give a lot of information on these semigroups. This notion of growth shows to be also related to conjectures on continued fractions like Zaremba’s one. And by studing some matrix semigroups we were able to prove some results on bounded periodic continued fractions, doing a little step in the resolution of a conjecture of McMullen.
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Paul Mercat. Semi-groupes de matrices et applications. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112373⟩. ⟨tel-00782789⟩

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