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Le biais d'évaluation de sa compétence scolaire chez des enfants du primaire : ses liens avec la comparaison sociale, sa stabilité et sa valeur adaptative aux plans psychologique et scolaire

Abstract : This thesis is dealing with the more or less unrealistic nature of pupils owns' perception of scholarship competence, often referred as biases in academic selfevaluation. There are two main goals in undertaking this work. The first aims to verify if there is a link between the type of social comparison in which the pupil is engaged and the presence of a negative bias of academic self-evaluation. To do so, we carried out six studies among French-speaking pupils in primary schools in France and Quebec. In line with Buunk and Ybema's (1997) and Buunk et al.'s (2005) studies, we first tested the hypothesis that regardless of the direction of social comparisons in school, the pupils can interpret them positively and negatively. Then, we examined whether a positive interpretation of social comparison (upward identification and downward contrast) is positively linked to a positive bias in academic self-evaluation and a negative interpretation (downward identification and upward contrast) is positively linked to a negative bias. Finally, a deeper assessment of social comparison in school enabled us to explore whether the type of comparison the pupil choose involved assimilation or contrast effects on their self-evaluation biases, according to the strength of pupils' identification with the target of comparison. The six above mentioned studies gave empirical support to our hypotheses. The second goal of this doctoral project was twofold: (1) to examine the temporal trajectories of changes in self-evaluation bias over a three-year period and (2) to verify whether there was a relationship between children's membership to a given trajectory and their psychosocial adjustment at the last year of the study. Using a group-based approach using a multinomial modeling strategy to analyze the changes in self-evaluation bias across time (Nagin, 2005) allowed us to identify distinct trajectories that highlighted the more or less stable trend of the phenomena. Finally, examination of the relationship between children's membership to trajectories and various indicators of well-being suggests that underestimation of one's own school competence is a risk factor of developing psychosocial and academic maladjustment.
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Natacha Boissicat. Le biais d'évaluation de sa compétence scolaire chez des enfants du primaire : ses liens avec la comparaison sociale, sa stabilité et sa valeur adaptative aux plans psychologique et scolaire. Education. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENH023⟩. ⟨tel-00780979⟩

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