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L'île de La Réunion sous l'œil du cyclone au XXème siècle. Histoire, société et catastrophe naturelle

Abstract : Our thesis presents a social and environmental analysis of cyclones history into Reunion Island society: Our purpose is to estimate the impact of a destructive event, the cyclone, on the collective and individual memory, upon sciences and technology evolution, crisis management, emergency services organisation and area development. Then, cyclone can entirely be an object of History. At the same time, we aim to understand cyclones consequences from a geographical and human point of view. Cyclones impact can be different, depending on the place or housing conditions and the way that they evolve in the time. Moreover, history of human behaviour bring other elements to our enquiry: mutual assistance integrate this world area in a national and international context, with help request to French metropolis and others countries. We must take administration and civil services into account in the island management and in the choices to be made, as far as prevention, information or mobilization are concerned. Among outstanding cyclones of the XXth century, January the 26th and 27th of 1948 cyclonic system is usually considered as “the cyclone of the century”. However, the cyclone “Jenny” (February the 28th of 1962), by its contributions, could be considered as a starting point of a half century of mutations. And then a cut into history of Reunion Island society. The final aim of our research is to contribute to a progress of a collective consciousness of cyclones in order to limit human and material damages.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 27, 2015 - 9:52:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01187527, version 2


Isabelle Mayer Jouanjean. L'île de La Réunion sous l'œil du cyclone au XXème siècle. Histoire, société et catastrophe naturelle. Histoire. Université de la Réunion, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LARE0030⟩. ⟨tel-01187527v2⟩



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