Liquides ioniques et ultrasons pour l'époxydation d'oléfines : combinaison synergique plus éco-compatible

Abstract : In the current context of sustainable development, the chemical industry, often pointed at by the institutions and the general public for its negative impact on humans and the environment, needs to develop more competitive and more eco-friendly synthetic routes. The preparation of epoxides from olefins is today a critical issue in terms of production of key intermediates for the chemical industry. Based on numerous studies published in the literature, this PhD thesis has aimed at investigating the potential of ionic liquids, innovative solvents with unique properties, and power ultrasound, unconventional method of activation, for the epoxidation of olefins catalyzed by metalloporphyrins. The experimental protocols used for the synthesis of the selected ionic liquids have been improved according to the principles of green chemistry and evaluated by specific indicators. Then, the mechanisms of epoxidation reactions have been evidenced thanks to the use of chiral porphyrins and the study of sonochemical parameters in ionic liquids medium. Finally, the stability of ionic liquids under ultrasonic irradiation has been studied. Their degradation products and their formation mechanisms have been identified.
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Gregory Chatel. Liquides ioniques et ultrasons pour l'époxydation d'oléfines : combinaison synergique plus éco-compatible. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENA026⟩. ⟨tel-00780336⟩

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