Rayonnement acoustique d'une structure périodique de type batterie à ailettes : Application aux pompes à chaleur

Abstract : The prediction of noise from outdoor units of heat pumps, partly coming from finned coils, is an important industrial issue. The major obstacle to the study of finned coils lies in the inability to perform the acoustic calculation with classic simulation tools (Boundary Element Method) because of the huge number of required elements (about 600 fins per meter). The goal of this thesis is to exploit the periodicity of finned coils in order to calculate the total noise radiated from the radiation of a single fin, and thus get rid of the number of fins composing the structure. The vibrations propagation is described as a wave decomposition, allowing the realization of separate calculations for each wave. The displacement at any point of the structure is calculated from the displacement of a single unit element, obtained with the Finite Element Method (FEM). An acoustic unit element is especially defined, comprising rigid baffles representing the influence of other fins of the structure. The radiation of this component is calculated for each wave using the Boundary Element Method (BEM), then spatially duplicated taking into account the propagation of the different waves. For each considered structure, a comparison with the direct calculation of the complete structure shows very good agreement with greatly reduced computation times. The influence of several parameters on the behaviour of the structure was also identified, thus highlighting some particular phenomena specific to periodic structures. In the last part of this thesis, an experimental validation of the periodic approach is proposed. Numerical results are close to vibratory and acoustic measurements done on the finned coils.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00780182, version 2

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Guillaume Gosse. Rayonnement acoustique d'une structure périodique de type batterie à ailettes : Application aux pompes à chaleur. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0111⟩. ⟨tel-00780182v2⟩

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