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Theses

Iridacycles à chiralité planaire : concepts, synthèses et applications

Abstract : One of the main research domain in the laboratory of «Synthèse Metallo-Induites» consists in the development of new planar chiral metallacycles complexes. The challenge of this thesis was the development of new selective approaches for the synthesis of new cationic and neutral planar chiral metallacycles complexes in which the chelated metal is a pseudotetrahedral stereogenic center.The thesis project was initiated by the study of the unusual cycloruthenation of a 2-phenylpyridine ligand which was able to produce a tris-cationic homobimetallic planar chiral ruthenacycle as secondary product in a one step reaction starting from simple substrates. This type of homobimetallic product is only formed when a strong electrodonationg group as NMe2 is present on the starting ligand. In view of this result, we engaged a systematic study by synthesizing new planar chiral iridacycles compounds. The positively charged metal fragments (Cp*Ir2+, Cp*Ru+) and neutral (Cr(CO)3) may p-coordinate the electronic rich aryl fragment of the iridacyclic compound by virtue of the coulombic imbalance in the coordination sphere of the chelated metal center. One of the unexpected consequence of this research is the emergence of the concept ″deported constitutional chirality″, which appeared during the study of the conformational behaviour of an endodicationiciridacyclic complex where the methyl groups carried by the N,N-dimethylamino substituent diastereotopicity.To this fundamental quest for selectivity an explanation of the catalytic proprieties of our complexes was added. They were found to be good precatalysts for the promotion of the water oxidation catalysis and to be promising catalysts for tandem hydroamination/hydrosilation of terminal alkynes.
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Wissam Nabil Iali. Iridacycles à chiralité planaire : concepts, synthèses et applications. Autre. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAF020⟩. ⟨tel-00780060⟩

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