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Theses

Caractérisation vibro-acoustique d'une cascade de distribution poids lourd

Abstract : The aim of this work is to characterize the vibro-acoustic response of a truck timing gear cascade, and especially the whining noise induced by internal excitations generated by the meshing process and the hammering noise induced by vibro-impacts between gears under fluctuations of external forces coupled with internal excitations. The tooth corrections are optimized with a meta-heuristic method (particle swarm)in order to minimize the fluctuations of static transmission errors. A robustness analysis is performed taking into account the wide range of operating torque and the geometric dispersions induced by gear manufacturing tolerances. The whining noise is then modelled using a spectral method considering the coupling between the different internal excitations. The gain provided by the optimization of tooth corrections on the whining noise of the timing gear cascade can thus be estimated. In a second step, the hammering noise is analyzed using nonlinear models which include the gears' backlashes. A continuation method coupled with centered finite differences method is implemented, as well as a direct time integration method. The dynamic behaviour of the cascade induced by fluctuating external forces coupled with internal excitations is complex : the gear responses can be periodic, pseudoperiodic,or chaotic, with possibility of multiple contact losses, including collisions between reverse flanks when the engine torque fluctuation is high. Vibro-impact regimes can be observed over a wide range of operating conditions.
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Alexandre Carbonelli. Caractérisation vibro-acoustique d'une cascade de distribution poids lourd. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ECDL0034⟩. ⟨tel-00779231⟩

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