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Electron quantum optics in quantum Hall edge channels

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the implementation of quantum optics experiments in a ballistic quantum conductor, with single charge resolution. A mesoscopic capacitor produces on-demand single-electron excitations in the outermost edge channel of quantum Hall effect. We measure current fluctuations after partitioning of excitations on an electronic beamsplitter, in analogy with the Hanbury-Brown & Twiss experiment, so as to unveil neutral excitations (electron/holes pairs) that can accompany the emission of the charge. Thermal excitations in the Fermi sea are then responsible for two-particle interferences that yield information on the energy distribution of the generated quasiparticles. Using two independent and synchronized sources, we generate two indistinguishable quasiparticles that interfere on a beamsplitter as in the Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment. The visibility of this phenomenon could be limited by decoherence of the wavepackets due to interactions with the environment and especially with other co-propagating edge channels. By measuring the capacitive coupling between two co-propagating edge channels, we characterize the effects of Coulomb interaction on propagation and highlight a neutral mode of propagation. These experiments constitute the first implementations of electron quantum optics experiments with single charges. They pave the way to more complex experiments such as the tomography of a mono-electronic wavepacket.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00778978
Contributor : Erwann Bocquillon <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 21, 2013 - 3:50:13 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 29, 2020 - 3:01:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00778978, version 1

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Erwann Bocquillon. Electron quantum optics in quantum Hall edge channels. Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect [cond-mat.mes-hall]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2012. English. ⟨tel-00778978⟩

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