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Interactions physico-chimiques ions-matrice dans les bétons sains ou carbonatés : influence sur le transport ionique

Abstract : Carbonation and chloride ingress are the main causes of reinforced concrete degradation. A lot of studies describe these two phenomena separately but only few studies state a possible coupling. However, the coupling of both phenomena exists. The corrosion of reinforcement due to chloride ions occurs more often in marine environments or in the presence of deicing salts while carbonation occurs systematically, in a more or less high degree depending on environmental conditions (humidity, temperature…). The aim of this thesis was to quantify the different phases of the cement matrix and its chloride binding by means of chloride binding isotherms for carbonated and non-carbonated cement based materials. These chloride binding isotherms, obtained by the equilibrium method, showed that the partially or totally carbonated cement matrix are bound fewer chlorides than the non carbonated ones. Complementary techniques such as the thermogravimetry (TGA), the X-rays diffraction (XRD) and the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses were used and allowed to understand why this binding decrease occurs. A decrease of Friedel's salt and chlorides bound in the C-S-H was showed in the carbonated materials. These decreases were quantified and are due to a modification of the phases containing chloride (such as aluminates, sulfo-aluminates and C-S-H phases) during carbonation process. The porous network, was observed by mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), was also modified (decrease of the macroporosity and the connectivity for carbonated cement matrix due to formation of calcium carbonate). The other aim was to correlate all these modifications with the ions transport properties. Chloride diffusion and migration tests (with or without sulfates) were obtained as well as the measurements of electric resistivity. The experimental results showed that the apparent chloride diffusion coefficient is higher in the carbonated cement materials. Some diffusion tests were performed in presence of both chlorides and sulfates, which showed the competition of these two ions to bind on the cement matrix. Cement materials (concrete and cement paste) were designed without or with supplementary cementing materials (metakaolin, fly ash, slag) and the properties of these materials were followed at different curing time
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Mickaël Saillio. Interactions physico-chimiques ions-matrice dans les bétons sains ou carbonatés : influence sur le transport ionique. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PEST1033⟩. ⟨tel-00777946⟩

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