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Caractérisation locale des déformations et des transferts de matière dans le muscle sous contraintes thermiques par imagerie RMN

Abstract : Cooking is a general process which transforms the meat raw material into food. The heating of muscle matrix influences different organoleptic, industrial, health and nutritional qualities of cooked meat. Cooking being applied more and more frequently in standardized and industrial conditions, it makes sense to model some key mechanisms which determine the latter qualities in order to optimize the process. For this purpose, an original experimental approach has been developed based on a quantitative, local, dynamic and in situ analysis of the meat during cooking. This approach is not based on any reductionist hypothesis by studying an intact sample at the scale of the consumed food, nor by the simplifying assumption of taking into account the spatial variations of temperature in the sample. It is based on original developments in nuclear magnetic resonance imaging at high-field and on image processing in order to map deformation and the water content. Robust models linking temperature, deformation and water content were obtained for muscles differing from their content in connective tissue. The results mainly show a deformation increase with the temperature in several phases whose characteristics depend on the muscle composition, and a decrease in the water content with temperature. All these results are discussed and interpreted thanks to the temperature behavior of the various muscle components. This work first shows that quantitative, multi-parametric and dynamic imaging can decipher the mechanisms involved during meat cooking, without formulating simplifying assumptions in the interpretation of these phenomena. Furthermore, it has led to methodological developments applicable to other fields and paves the way for further investigations in the field of quality optimization of processed meat products.
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Mustapha Bouhrara. Caractérisation locale des déformations et des transferts de matière dans le muscle sous contraintes thermiques par imagerie RMN. Sciences agricoles. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22220⟩. ⟨tel-00777881⟩

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