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Isospin Symmetry Breaking in sd Shell Nuclei

Y.L. Lam 1
1 THEORIE - Physique théorique
CENBG - Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan
Abstract : In the thesis, we develop a microscopic approach to describe theisospin-symmetry breaking effects in sd-shell nuclei.The work is performed within the nuclear shell model.A realistic isospin-conserving Hamiltonian is supplementedby a charge-dependent part consisting of the Coulomb interaction andYukawa-type meson exchange potentials to model charge-dependent forces ofnuclear origin. The extended database of the experimental isobaric mass multiplet equation coefficients is compiled during the thesis work and is used in a fit of the Hamiltonian parameters.The constructed Hamiltonian provides an accurate theoretical description ofthe isospin mixing nuclear states. A specific behaviour of the IMME coefficients have been revealed.We present two important applications (i) calculations of isospin-forbiddenproton emission amplitudes, which is often of interest for nuclearastrophysics, and (ii) calculation on corrections to nuclear Fermi beta decay, which is crucial for the tests of fundamental symmetries of the weak interaction.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 17, 2013 - 3:50:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00777498, version 1



Y.L. Lam. Isospin Symmetry Breaking in sd Shell Nuclei. Nuclear Theory [nucl-th]. Université de Bordeaux1, 2011. English. ⟨tel-00777498⟩



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