Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Determination of the secondary structure of minus strong-stop DNA and the mechanism of annealing involved in the first strand transfer in HIV-1

Abstract : The 1st strand transfer, a crucial step of reverse transcription involving the HIV-1 nucleocapsid protein (NC), relies on base pairing of the r sequence of strong-stop DNA (ssDNA) with the 3’ R sequence of viral RNA (3’ UTR) which forms the TAR and polyA stem-loops. The r sequence can form the cTAR and cpolyA stem-loops. Therefore, the transfer relies probably on annealing of folded molecules. This process is not well known at the molecular and structural level. The tools of molecular biology and three DNA-targeted probes were used to get insights into the annealing process. Our results were the following: 1) in the absence of NC, the cTAR DNA folds into two distinct conformations in equilibrium; 2) NC slightly shifts the equilibrium toward one conformation and binds tightly the internal loop of the cTAR hairpin; 3) NC is required for the formation of heteroduplex of the full-length ssDNA and 3’ UTR; 4) the annealing of ssDNA to 3’ UTR can be initiated from different sites in the presence of 0.2 mM MgCl2; 5) the full-length ssDNA folds into two conformations in equilibrium in 0.2 mM MgCl2 but mainly into one conformation in 2 mM MgCl2 ; 6) NC preferentially binds to the single-stranded region between the cTAR and cpolyA hairpins in ssDNA. This binding site probably plays an important role in the annealing of complementary DNA and RNA hairpins. This study helps us to gain insights into the reverse transcription process and the associated genetic recombination.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00777238
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Thursday, January 17, 2013 - 11:07:26 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 15, 2021 - 10:38:08 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 18, 2013 - 4:00:09 AM

File

Chen2012.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00777238, version 1

Collections

Citation

Yingying Chen. Determination of the secondary structure of minus strong-stop DNA and the mechanism of annealing involved in the first strand transfer in HIV-1. Agricultural sciences. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan; East China normal university (Shanghai), 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012DENS0042⟩. ⟨tel-00777238⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

662

Files downloads

1178