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Prise en compte de la liaison acier-béton pour le calcul de structures industrielles

Abstract : Reinforced concrete structures may have to fulfill functions that go beyond their simple mechanical resistance. During the cracking process, stresses are progressively transferred from steel to concrete through the steel-concrete interface. This stress transfer has a direct impact on the crack properties. Taking into account these effects seems thus essential to predict correctly the cracking of reinforced concrete structures. Different models exist to represent the steel-concrete bond behavior. However, these models are rarely compatible with large scale simulations (meshing difficulties, heavy computational cost…). To overcome these difficulties, a perfect relation between steel and concrete (same displacements) is generally considered for structural applications. In this contribution, a new finite element approach is proposed to represent the steel-concrete bond effects in a context adapted for large scale simulations. This thesis is divided in three parts: -the development of a finite element steel-concrete bond model adapted for large scale structural applications . This model takes into account mechanical interactions between concrete and steel reinforcement represented by truss elements. -the characterization of the steel-concrete bond behavior. A model for the bond stress-slip law based on experimental observations (experimental campaign on pull-out test carried out during the thesis and data of literature) is proposed. This model differentiates the case of a pull-out failure and of splitting failure and takes into account the material properties and the geometric characteristics of the structure. -an application of the proposed model on a structural element (beam). A four point bending beam is experimentally tested. This test aims to characterize the crack evolution (in particular the crack opening using the image correlation technique). Experimental results are then compared with numerical simulations taking into account the bond–slip effect between steel and concrete or considering the perfect relation hypothesis. The two simulations give a good approximation of the external behavior of the structure (global behavior and crack opening on the external face of the beam). Nevertheless, the bond model improves the cracking description during the active cracking phase (beginning of crack apparition) and influences the local behavior of the structure especially near the steel bars (avoiding the propagation of the damage of concrete along the steel reinforcement).
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 17, 2013 - 10:17:15 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00777204, version 1


Anaëlle Torre Torre-Casanova. Prise en compte de la liaison acier-béton pour le calcul de structures industrielles. Autre. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012DENS0050⟩. ⟨tel-00777204⟩



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