Résolution de problèmes de complémentarité. : Application à un écoulement diphasique dans un milieu poreux

Abstract : This manuscript deals with numerical methods for linear and nonlinear complementarity problems,and, more specifically, with solving gas phase appearance and disappearance modeled as a complementarity problem. In the first part of this manuscript, we focused on the plain Newton-min method to solve the linear complementarity problem (LCP for short) 0 6 x ⊥ (Mx+q) > 0 that can be viewed as a nonsmooth Newton algorithm without globalization technique to solve the system of piecewise linear equations min(x,Mx+q) = 0, which is equivalent to the LCP. When M is an M-matrix of order n, the algorithm was known to converge in at most n iterations. We show that this resultno longer holds when M is a P-matrix of order > 3. On the one hand, we offer counter-examplesshowing that the algorithm may cycle in those cases. P-matrices are interesting since they are thoseensuring the existence and uniqueness of the solution to the LCP for an arbitrary q. Incidentally,convergence occurs for a P-matrix of order 1 or 2. On the other hand, we provide a new algorithmic characterization of P-matricity : we show that a nondegenerate square real matrix M is a P-matrixif and only if, whatever is the real vector q, the Newton-min algorithm does not cycle between twopoints. In order to force the convergence of the Newton-min algorithm with P-matrices, we havederived a new method, which is robust, easy to describe, and simple to implement. It is globallyconvergent and the numerical results reported in this manuscript show that it outperforms a methodof Harker and Pang. In the second part of this manuscript, we consider the modeling of migration of hydrogen produced by the corrosion of the nuclear waste packages in an underground storage including the dissolution of hydrogen. It results in a set of nonlinear partial differential equations with nonlinear complementarity constraints. We show how to apply a robust and efficient solution strategy, the Newton-min method considered for LCP in the first part, to this geoscience problem and investigates its applicability and efficiency on this difficult problem. The practical interest of this solution technique is corroborated by numerical experiments from the Couplex Gas benchmark proposed by Andra and GNR MoMas. In particular, numerical results show that the Newton-min method is quadratically convergent for these problems
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Ibtihel Ben Gharbia. Résolution de problèmes de complémentarité. : Application à un écoulement diphasique dans un milieu poreux. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris Dauphine - Paris IX, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA090045⟩. ⟨tel-00776617v2⟩



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