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Contribution à la conception à base de composants logiciels d'applications scientifiques parallèles

Vincent Pichon 1, 2
Abstract : Designing scientific applications based on code coupling is a complex task. It requires both an easy programming process and high-performance. In addition, execution resources (supercomputers, computer clusters, grids)  are heterogeneous and constantly evolving. Software components models offer a promising perspective to manage this double complexity because they can express interactions between the different parts of an application while providing abstraction of resources. However, existing models cannot accurately express the applications made of dynamic and hierarchical patterns. The aim of this thesis is to improve the existing models, and in particular the generic platform for numerical simulation SALOME, for a class of widespread applications : applications based on domain decomposition, and its dynamic variant using adaptive mesh refinement. Firstly, we proposed to extend the spatial and temporal composition model provided by SALOME, by adding the ability to dynamically set component cardinality. This requires in particular to manage group communications induced. The proposal has been implemented into SALOME and validated via a domain decomposition application based on coupling several instances of Code_Aster.Then, we have studied the relevance of using a component model supporting native connectors (MPI, shared memory, method invocation), in order to allow finer composition interactions between components.The experiment results show that performances obtained are equivalent to those of the native versions, while allowing to easily manipulate the application architecture. Finally, we studied the necessary component models extensions (abstraction, hierarchy, dynamicity) for designing adaptative mesh refinement applications. The most advanced spatio-temporal component models can express this type of application but performances are limited by their centralized implementation and by the lack of efficient ways of modifying component assembling at execution time.
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Vincent Pichon. Contribution à la conception à base de composants logiciels d'applications scientifiques parallèles. Autre [cs.OH]. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENSL0758⟩. ⟨tel-00776371⟩

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