Motion Capture of Deformable Surfaces in Multi-View Studios

Cédric Cagniart 1
1 MORPHEO - Capture and Analysis of Shapes in Motion
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble
Abstract : In this thesis we address the problem of digitizing the motion of three-dimensional shapes that move and deform in time. These shapes are observed from several points of view with cameras that record the scene's evolution as videos. Using available reconstruction methods, these videos can be converted into a sequence of three-dimensional snapshots that capture the appearance and shape of the objects in the scene. The focus of this thesis is to complement appearance and shape with information on the motion and deformation of objects. In other words, we want to measure the trajectory of every point on the observed surfaces. This is a challenging problem because the captured videos are only sequences of images, and the reconstructed shapes are built independently from each other. While the human brain excels at recreating the illusion of motion from these snapshots, using them to automatically measure motion is still largely an open problem. The majority of prior works on the subject has focused on tracking the performance of one human actor, and used the strong prior knowledge on the articulated nature of human motion to handle the ambiguity and noise inherent to visual data. In contrast, the presented developments consist of generic methods that allow to digitize scenes involving several humans and deformable objects of arbitrary nature. To perform surface tracking as generically as possible, we formulate the problem as the geometric registration of surfaces and deform a reference mesh to fit a sequence of independently reconstructed meshes. We introduce a set of algorithms and numerical tools that integrate into a pipeline whose output is an animated mesh. Our first contribution consists of a generic mesh deformation model and numerical optimization framework that divides the tracked surface into a collection of patches, organizes these patches in a deformation graph and emulates elastic behavior with respect to the reference pose. As a second contribution, we present a probabilistic formulation of deformable surface registration that embeds the inference in an Expectation-Maximization framework that explicitly accounts for the noise and in the acquisition. As a third contribution, we look at how prior knowledge can be used when tracking articulated objects, and compare different deformation model with skeletal-based tracking. The studies reported by this thesis are supported by extensive experiments on various 4D datasets. They show that in spite of weaker assumption on the nature of the tracked objects, the presented ideas allow to process complex scenes involving several arbitrary objects, while robustly handling missing data and relatively large reconstruction artifacts.
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Cédric Cagniart. Motion Capture of Deformable Surfaces in Multi-View Studios. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENM090⟩. ⟨tel-00771536v2⟩

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