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Complexes polynucléaires d'Uranium : structure réactivité et propriétés

Abstract : The study and comprehension of actinide's fundamental chemistry have important implications both for the development of new nuclear fuel and for the nuclear fuel reprocessing. One of the major issues in these processes is the ease of uranium to undergo redox reactions and to form polynuclear assemblies, which largely perturb these processes. However, despite their relevance, only few synthetic routes towards polynuclear uranium assemblies are described in the literature, and most of the polynuclear complexes reported are formed by serendipity rather than by rational design. Moreover, polynuclear uranium compounds are highly promising for the design of magnetic materials with improved properties and for reactivity studies. The aim of this work is the synthesis of polynuclear uranium complexes and the study of their reactivity and coordination properties. New synthetic routes to uranium polynuclear assemblies were developed and the study of their physico-chemical properties was carried out. The first approach investigated was based on pentavalent uranyl chemistry. Uranyl(V) is known to form aggregates via an interaction between uranyl moieties often named cation-cation interaction, but the isolation of uranyl(V) complexes had been largely limited by its ease of disproportionation. We isolated the first stable uranyl(V) polynuclear assembly using salen-type Schiff base ligand. Based on this result, a fine tuning of the ligand and counterion properties resulted in the isolation of a large family of uranyl(V) polynuclear assemblies and in a better understanding of the parameters ruling their stability. Moreover, rare examples of clear antiferromagnetic couplings were observed with these complexes. In addition, this synthetic path was used to build the first 5f-3d cluster presenting single molecule magnet properties. The second approach used in this thesis consisted in the synthesis of oxo/hydroxo uranium clusters. The controlled hydrolysis of trivalent uranium in presence of an environmentally relevant ligand lead to the synthesis of clusters, which size could be varied in function of the reaction conditions employed. Finally, new uranium clusters with original topologies were synthesised through the induced disproportionation of pentavalent uranyl precursors.
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Victor Mougel. Complexes polynucléaires d'Uranium : structure réactivité et propriétés. Sciences agricoles. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENV035⟩. ⟨tel-00770328⟩

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