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Extraction des actinides et des lanthanides du combustible du réacteur rapide à sels fondus

Abstract : The fuel reprocessing of the molten salt reactor (Gen IV concept) is a multi-steps process in which actinides and lanthanides extraction is performed by a reductive extraction technique. The development of an analytic model has showed that the contact between the liquid fuel LiF-ThF4 and a metallic phase constituted of Bi-Li provide firstly a selective and quantitative extraction of actinides and secondly a quantitative extraction of lanthanides. The control of this process implies the knowledge of saline phase properties. Studies of the physico-chemical properties of fluoride salts lead to develop a technique based on potentiometric measurements to evaluate the fluoroacidity of the salts. An acidity scale was established in order to classify the different fluoride salts considered.Another electrochemical method was also developed in order to determine the solvation properties of solutes in fluoride F- environment (and particularly ThF4 by F-)In reductive extraction technique, a metallic phase is also involved. A method to prepare this phase was developed by electro-reduction of lithium on a bismuth liquid cathode in LiCl-LiF melt. This technique allows to accurately control the molar fraction of lithium introduced into the liquid bismuth, which is a main parameter to obtain an efficient extraction.
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Sebastien Jaskierowicz. Extraction des actinides et des lanthanides du combustible du réacteur rapide à sels fondus. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112314⟩. ⟨tel-00770155⟩

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