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Synthèse de ligands à la proteine CARM1 pour l'étude de son activité enzymatique et la synthèse d'inhibiteurs sélectifs

Abstract : Protein aginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) have been implicated in a variety of biological processes. Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1 , also known as PRMT4) was identified as an enhancer of the transcriptional activation by several nuclear hormone receptors CARM1 is an enzyme which methylates the arginines of histones via a natural methyl donor, the SAdenosyh-Methionine (SAM). Recent studies have shown that CARM-1 is over-expressed in breastumors and in hormone dependent prostate tumors. The goal of this work is to understand at the molecular level the mode of binding of substrate/product arginine-containing peptides, reflectingstates prior and subsequent to methylation and the detailed mechanism of action of this protein. Several crystal structures of the catalytic domain of CARM1 have shown that cofactor-binding, such as S-Adenosyl-L -Homocysteine or sinefungin, produces large conformational changes in the catalytic domain. These crystal structures clearly illustrate that SAM binding is a prerequisite for peptide binding and build up the productive peptide binding site. Our strategy was to design fishhook molecules derivatives of the SAM capable of anchoring a mimic peptide of the histone H3 in order to test the co-crystallization in CARM1. Consequently, thanks to X-Ray structure, interactions involvement in the complexe CARM1/fishhook molecule/peptide could be determined. This strategy was do ne in three steps: the first one, described in the chapter 2, consisted in synthesizing SAManalogues with several modifications around sulfur atom. These compounds permitted to explore the "sulfonium pocket". The second step, described in chapter 3, consisted in synthesizing analogues of bisubstrats to explore "arginine binding pocket". Finally, the last step, described in the chapter 4 and 5, consisted in synthesizing SAM-peptide adducts to study "peptide binding domain". ln the chapter 4, the chosen method is the creation of covalent link between this molecule and a peptide by click chemistry in-situ: by reaction of Huisgen's cycloaddition; by reaction between electrophilic fishhook molecules capable of capturing with a cystein or arginine peptides. Unfortunately, ail of these trials have been unsuccessful. Consequently SAM-peptide adducts were performed to be co-crystallized in CARM1. This part was described in the last chapter.
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Samira Ajebbar. Synthèse de ligands à la proteine CARM1 pour l'étude de son activité enzymatique et la synthèse d'inhibiteurs sélectifs. Autre. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAF002⟩. ⟨tel-00769956⟩

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