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Synthèse et évaluation biologique d’hétérocycles à cinq chaînons, inhibiteurs de la protéine farnésyltransférase

Abstract : Protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) is a zinc metalloenzyme which catalyzes the transfer of a farnesyl chain from farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) to the cysteine residue of some proteins possessing a C-terminal CaaX moiety where C is the farnesylated cysteine, a is an aliphatic amino-acid and X is Ser, Ala, Gln or Met. Once attached, the farnesyl group serves as anchors for fixing proteins to cell membrane and as molecular handles for facilitating binding of these prenylated proteins to other proteins.First studied in oncology, FTase constitutes nowadays a potential target for antiparasitic therapies, where drugs are missing due to the appearance of resistance phenomena. The necessity to improve the existing therapies paves the way of innovating researches to find new bioactive molecules.During this Ph.D work, two strategies of research used in medicinal chemistry were performed.The first approach consisted in the synthesis of bisubstrate analogues with a 1,2,3-triazole core deviced to tie up both to the protein and the FPP binding sites. This rational approach also allowed to draft a one-pot synthesis of 1,5-disubstituted triazoles from primary amines.The screening approach was the second strategy to search for new inhibitors. For this purpose, ICSN chemical library was screened and two 3-arylthiophene compounds disclosed good activities and an original scaffold for FTase inhibition. Therefore, a structure-activity relationship study was carried out to modulate the different positions of the thiophene and the nature of the central heterocycle.This work allowed us to create a above-hundred-molecule library. The biological evaluation of these analogues on human and T. brucei isolated FTase and on T. brucei and P. falciparum parasites revealed particularly interesting and promising molecules.
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Damien Bosc. Synthèse et évaluation biologique d’hétérocycles à cinq chaînons, inhibiteurs de la protéine farnésyltransférase. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112200⟩. ⟨tel-00769930⟩

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