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La protection civile, acteur majeur de la gestion des crises ? Pour un droit universel de la protection des populations en temps de paix.

Maestracci Bruno 1
1 UMR Lieux, Identité, Espace, Activité Université Pascal Paoli
LISA - Lieux, Identités, eSpaces, Activités
Abstract : The civil protection action are particularly visible during large-scale disasters, but they are applied also in everyday life, in particular within brigades of fire and emergencies. The knowledge management, resulting from these practices has a margin for growth. Indeed, in the absence of a shared concept of civil protection, services exercising daily relief actions are not systematically deployed in the early hours of the disaster, leaving others with less experience, making rescue missions. These services are the major players only when crisis impacting their territory, and therefore have experience in managing major crises. The organization of civil protection for rescue and relief to individuals, as well as crisis management, is the subject of envy and a game of power and power-cons subtle creeping between the various actors, this gold game is counterproductive, illogical and too expensive. These issues are even more inadapted than the number of crisis corollary is constantly increasing in severity or extent, they are also characterized by their duration. These features are found at all levels or activities of civil protection and crisis management are intertwined. At the legal level, the protection of populations is ensured in times of conflict or war by the principles from the Geneva Conventions. It is surprising that no agreement will allow today to protect people in times of peace, even if this protection is the responsibility of States. However, many conflicts are closely linked to this basic principle, a clarification on this matter would therefore avoidance of some crisis. In addition, the protection of populations in time of peace by establishing general principles would ensure, at global level, a system of organizing the rescue, civil protection and crisis management provides assistance regarding minimum criteria. In the areas of Defense, or Homeland Security, have been around a long time, exchanges opportunities and continuous improvement of services to be applied now to civil protection.
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Maestracci Bruno. La protection civile, acteur majeur de la gestion des crises ? Pour un droit universel de la protection des populations en temps de paix.. Droit. Université Pascal Paoli, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00769885⟩

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