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Theses

Le nouveau monde de la psychiatrie française. Les psychiatres, l'Etat et la réforme des hôpitaux psychiatriques de l'après guerre aux années 1970

Abstract : This thesis analyses the reform of psychiatric hospitals in France from the end of World War II until the mid-seventies. It uses symbolic interactionism's notion of trajectory in order to examine the work engaged in by a variety of actors to constitute the problem of the psychiatric hospital, to advance their reformist agenda, to orient and reorient it. Specifically, the research develops an analysis of reform as a singular form of commitment, one which involves the elaboration of a world view, the construction of reform enterprises, the constitution of majorities and efforts at swaying different publics. Relying on an extensive reading of the leading professional journals, on the studying of important archives and on interviews with noteworthy actors, the thesis examines the diverse projects elaborated during the period. These include those initiated by professionals, by the state or the joint work of people from different social worlds with a view to understanding how the interaction of the actors affected their evolution. Two main themes run across these projects: the question of how to care for the chronic mentally ill and efforts at defining the mandate of psychiatry. Eventually, the post-WW II reform of psychiatric hospitals reflected a conception of psychiatric intervention and a vision of responsibility based on the commitment of professionals toward their patients. Its trajectory can thus be analyzed in the context of the transformation of the expert regulation mode of certain sectors of society throughout the 20th century.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 3, 2013 - 1:05:26 PM
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Nicolas Henckes. Le nouveau monde de la psychiatrie française. Les psychiatres, l'Etat et la réforme des hôpitaux psychiatriques de l'après guerre aux années 1970. Sociologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00769780⟩

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