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Caractérisation élémentaire par interrogation neutronique avec la technique de la particule associée

Abstract : The EURITRACK inspection system, based on the associated particle technique, aims at detecting explosives and narcotics in cargo containers with 14 MeV neutrons produced by the D(T,)n reaction. Alpha particle and neutron are emitted almost back to back. Reactions induced by fast neutrons produce gamma rays which are detected in coincidence with the alpha particle to determine the neutron direction. Neutron time-of-flight allows to determine gamma-ray origin inside the container. Information concerning material composition is obtained by unfolding the gamma spectrum into elemental signatures using a database of elemental spectra (C, O, N, Fe…). Carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen count ratios are converted into chemical proportions to distinguish illicit and benign organic materials. Conversion factors based on Monte Carlo simulations have been calculated and validated experimentally, taking into account neutron slowing down and photon attenuation in cargo materials. Application to the elemental characterisation of radioactive wastes is also studied by numerical simulation, with shields and collimators to limit the background due to waste radiations.
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Wassila El Kanawati. Caractérisation élémentaire par interrogation neutronique avec la technique de la particule associée. Physique [physics]. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENY024⟩. ⟨tel-00769397⟩

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