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Magnétisme et propriétés de transport de couches d'agrégats coeur-coquille Co/CoO

Abstract : This study is focused on understanding the transport properties of granular systems core - shell with emphasis on cobalt - cobalt oxide materials. We studied the magnetic and transport behavior of our granular system ferromagnetic/ antiferromagnetic. The cobalt clusters of 4 nm are obtained by a magnetron sputtering source and vapor phase condensation. The clusters oxidized during deposition adopt a core – shell geometry with icosahedra core and a fcc structure of CoO shell. After deposition, the clusters are characterized by different methods. In situ, they are characterized in terms of the amount of matter deposited by time flight spectrometer. Ex situ, they are analyzed by the SQUID (magnetic measurement) and transport measurements. Several characteristics of our samples have been identified during the magnetic analyses. Three magnetic properties are mainly interest. The first is the exchange bias F/AF, studied on the cobalt clusters with different oxidation percentages (between 33%CoO and 95% of CoO). We found that the maximum effect is obtained for the the oxidized samples due to the increased oxide shell size. The second magnetic property is the presence of superparamagnetism modified by the exchange interaction between the core and the shell. The third is the training effect shown often by a decrease in the exchange bias and coercive field after several successive measurements. This might be attributed to the instability of the magnetic configuration obtained upon cooling under a field, but it is difficult to identify the exact origin. The transport properties of our system are underlined by the study of the resistivity, magnetoresistance and Hall resistance as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field. The variation of resistivity with temperature shows a minimum. In the same time this variation is small as a function of the temperature. This behavior is associated with the transition systems which are found between the metallic and insulator regime. The variation of the magnetoresistance with temperature is small. Its amplitude does not exceed 0.1% in all granular alloys measured. The studied system is characterized by a positive extraordinary Hall resistivity at all temperatures of measurement.
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Georgiana Irina Groza. Magnétisme et propriétés de transport de couches d'agrégats coeur-coquille Co/CoO. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENY020⟩. ⟨tel-00768030⟩

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