Dynamique des systèmes quantiques ouverts décohérence et perte d'intrication

Abstract : In the introductory chapter we first give the major results about entanglement and open quantum systems. In particular we give the proof of entanglement sudden death (ESD) for two qubits (two level quantum systems) interacting with their own heat bath at positive temperature. We propose in the first chapter a method to protect qubits against ESD, based on continuous measurements of the baths and using the theory of quantum jumps and stochastic differential equations. In the second chapter, we study a subset of two qubits states : the set of states that we can represent in the canonical basis by an X-form matrix. We also give explicit formulas for decompositions of a separable X-state in a convex sum of five pure product states. We generalize this study to the set of states obtained from X-states by a conjugation with local unitary operators. Furthermore, we give an algorithm to decompose a separable state of this set in a convex sum of five pure product states. Finally, in the third chapter we study entanglement of two qubits in a model of repeated interactions with the same spin chain in the van Hove and singular coupling limits. In particular we observe non zero asymptotic entanglement when the chain is at infinite temperature and phenomenons of entanglement sudden birth when the chain is at zero temperature.
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Sylvain Vogelsberger. Dynamique des systèmes quantiques ouverts décohérence et perte d'intrication. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENM027⟩. ⟨tel-00767971⟩

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