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Synthèse de motifs "2-méthyl-1,3-aminoalcools" par réaction de type Reformatsky asymétrique : vers la synthèse totale du (+)-triènomycinol

Abstract : In a first part, the aim of this PhD thesis was to develop an asymmetric Reformatsky type reaction for the synthesis of “2-methyl-1,3aminoalcohol” moieties. This reaction is based on the chemistry of chiral sulfoxides. Indeed, in a first step, an asymmetric Reformatsky type reaction between a γ-bromo-β-ketosulfoxide and different imines allows us to build two contiguous stereogenic centers. This reaction is very selective with a syn/anti selectivity reaching up to 100/0. In a second step, the β-ketosulfoxides obtained after the Reformatsky-type reaction were diastereoselectively reduced using either DIBAL-H or the system DIBAL-H/Yb(OTf)3 to afford the third stereogenic center with a total diastereoselectivity. To sum up, the use of DIBAL-H allowed us to obtain the aminoalcohol 1,3-syn, whereas the use of the system DIBAL-H/Yb(OTf)3 allowed us to synthesize the aminoalcohol 1,3-anti with a perfect diastereoselectivity in both cases.In a second part, this PhD thesis focused on the total synthesis of natural cytotoxic molecule, (+)-trienomycinol. This molecule is a macrolactam containing a syn, anti stereotriad, an isolated stereogenic center and a trienic unit. The proposed strategy was based on the use of chiral sulfoxides. The stereostriad was built using the strategy developed in the first part, the asymmetric Reformatsky reaction followed by a diastereoselective reduction with the system DIBAL-H/Yb(OTf)3. The isolated stereocenter was obtained by diastereoselective reduction of a β-ketosulfoxide with DIBAL-H. This molecule was divided into two parts: the “west” part and the “east” part which were coupled together. Many steps were first optimized on a model compound. Due to a lack of time and quantity, the total synthesis of (+)-trienomycinol could not be achieved.
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Marie Barbarotto. Synthèse de motifs "2-méthyl-1,3-aminoalcools" par réaction de type Reformatsky asymétrique : vers la synthèse totale du (+)-triènomycinol. Autre. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAF003⟩. ⟨tel-00767420⟩

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