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Fonctionnement tribologique des articulations synoviales pathologiques : rôle des interfaces phospholipidiques

Magdalena Corneci 1
1 TMI - Tribologie et Mécanique des Interfaces
LaMCoS - Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts et des Structures [Villeurbanne]
Abstract : In order to improve the effectiveness of joint diseases' treatments, given their complexity and magnitude, recent studies have highlighted the role of lipid assemblies associated with the discontinuous structure of the synovial fluid (SF) in the tribological performance of joint operation. Thus, an ex vivo tribological model (AM Sfarghiu, PhD thesis, 2006) providing a "basic pattern" for joint biolubrification was developed. It consists of the stack of phospholipidic interfaces and aqueous layers. Using this model, the objective of this work was to study the evolution of phospholipidic interfaces of SF within pathological state. Therefore, a nano-bio-tribological methodology combining biochemical, physicochemical, nano-mechanical and tribological analysis was used. The results of these analyses show: the influence of even small rubbing surfaces' roughness characteristics of early stage illness and that of phospholipidic interfaces' properties (related to their composition change) on the mechanical strength, changes in friction and in situ degradation of lipidic assemblies of pathological SF. The tribological operation is highlighted by enzymes' associated with diseases. Thus, joint operation depends on the mechanical strength of phospholipidic interfaces and to obtain very low friction coefficients, velocity accommodation must be done at the level of hydration layers surrounding ions in the aqueous solution. These results would therefore allow better understanding of the evolution of phospholipidic interfaces in joint diseases and of the proper cause/consequence sequence responsible for a joint disease in order to develop more effective, targeted and non prosthetic treatments.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00766779
Contributor : Magdalena Corneci <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 21, 2012 - 10:48:54 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:49:28 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, December 18, 2016 - 5:09:44 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00766779, version 1

Citation

Magdalena Corneci. Fonctionnement tribologique des articulations synoviales pathologiques : rôle des interfaces phospholipidiques. Biomécanique [physics.med-ph]. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00766779⟩

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