Abstract : Figuerolles is the name of a district of the city of Montpellier, a city which is the capital of the Languedoc-Roussillon and the department of Hérault, France. This thesis is devoted to this district, and revolves around three axes : its historical dimension, because there can be no real development without a good understanding of what we are ; secondly, everything that relates to stories, reminding ourselves that there is, to paraphrase Edgar Morin, a dialogy, that is to say a constant back and forth between founders archetypes and stereotypes experienced in everyday life. Thirdly, descriptions of iconic figures, real totems around which we collect, and thus which constitute an ideal community. Through these three points : history, figures, anecdotes, we show how good and evil, light and darkness, the material and the spiritual are involved in a real context all at once complex and fruitful governed by chance and necessity. The most obvious manifestation of such completeness being amazing tolerance between "those who believe in heaven and those who do not believe," living in the same place. Do not forget that the place links... The affective meaning of "neighbourhood" underscores the importance of space as "I" shares with others, space where the diversity of sexual orientations, the plurality of ideological representations, multiple outfits, corporal dramatisation and the variety of different tastes fall into the order of things. Everything and its opposite have their place, clearly confirming that "it takes all kinds to make a world."