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Du nanofil bimétallique isolé à la distribution de nanofils codéposés : une vision d'ensemble(s)

Abstract : The chemical configuration and the specific shape of 1D bimetallic nano-objects endow them with physical properties (such as magnetic ones) that strongly differ from their bulk counterparts. To get a deep insight of the parameters that govern the equilibrium configuration, we consider a rigid lattice-gas Ising model that accounts for segregation effects within bimetallic nanowires that decorate a step edge.In a first section, we detail the equilibrium of a nanowire as a function of both its size and composition in order to specify the role of finite-size effects onto the equilibrium thermodynamics of 1D bimetallic objects. Contrary to infinite systems, this equilibrium depends on the statistical ensemble to be considered. The segregation profile is indeed stiffer in the canonical ensemble where the nanowire concentration is imposed, than in the semi-grand-canonical ensemble (s-GC) where the nanowire is in equibrium with a reservoir that sets the difference of chemical potentials between the species. Moreover, the composition constraint in the canonical ensemble yields chemical correlations between occupation sites that favor heteroatomic pairs. We show that the deviation observed between the isotherms related to the two ensembles increases with the curvature of the canonical isotherm and with the amplitude of the fluctuations of the nominal concentration within the s-GC ensemble. As these fluctuations decrease with the nanowire size, the deviation between ensembles vanishes at the thermodynamical limit. The finite-size effects also imply at low temperature for small nanowires, that a pure mode of the segregating species coexists with a low-concentration mode that mainly corresponds to core-shell and Janus configurations. We develop a framework to characterize the resulting two-mode density of compositions.While the abovementioned results deal with a fixed-size nanowire, we study in the second section the equilibrium of the set of nanowires that forms a submonolayer 1D-codeposit. We show that the size distribution of these nanowires globally varies as a power law, whatever the codeposit composition, so that segregation has a slight influence onto the observed microstructure. However, due to the surface/volume ratio and chemical correlations within these objects, the composition of the nanowires of the codeposit varies strongly with their size, the smaller the richer in the segregating species. Finally we extend the two-mode diagram of the single nanowire to the set of nanowires forming the codeposit and show that this two-mode distribution is hardly visible as it concerns only short nanowires which are very rare, mainly due to atomic cohesion that is reinforced at low temperature.
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Emile Maras. Du nanofil bimétallique isolé à la distribution de nanofils codéposés : une vision d'ensemble(s). Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112282⟩. ⟨tel-00765965⟩

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