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Effets des polyphénols de vin rouge sur la prolifération cellulaire et sur le métabolisme du resvératrol

Abstract : It is known that moderate consumption of red wine may protect against many diseases, in particular because of its polyphenols. We studied in particular the effect of these polyphenols on colorectal cancer, one of the most common cancers in industrialized countries. Some purified polyphenols from red wine, like resveratrol and quercetin, showed antiproliferative effects against colorectal cancer cells.Our first approach was to use polyphenolic extracts from Burgundy red wine. We then studied their in vitro effects on human colorectal tumor cell lines SW480’s proliferation and the interactions between the polyphenols and the transport and metabolism of resveratrol; and secondly, the effects on CF-1 mice of regular consumption of these polyphenols in the diet on the occurrence of chemically induced pre-neoplastic lesions by azoxymethane in the colon.Our second approach was directed towards changes in the chemical structure of resveratrol. By the addition of hydroxyl and methoxyl groups, and the isomerization of its structure (cis or trans), we wanted to identify structure-function relationships of resveratrol and create more bioactive derivatives.We show that the red wine polyphenols inhibit proliferation of colon cancer cells by blocking the cell cycle. Some wine polyphenols such as quercetin are able to increase the ability of SW480 cells to accumulate resveratrol. [We show that] in mice, the regular intake of red wine polyphenols in the diet reduces the overall number of pre-neoplastic lesions, especially large lesions which may become intestinal polyps. The chemical changes in the structure of resveratrol show that the methoxylated analogues of cis-resveratrol are potent antiproliferatives by blocking mitosis, while the mechanism of action of derivatives of trans-resveratrol blocks the cell cycle at the S phase.This work supports the idea that the use of wine polyphenols in the prevention of colon adenocarcinomas is possible and that this field of research is a promising way. Concerning therapeutic purposes, the search for analogues of resveratrol with improved bioavailability is a way to pursue
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Submitted on : Friday, December 7, 2012 - 5:48:43 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00762764, version 1


Frédéric Mazué. Effets des polyphénols de vin rouge sur la prolifération cellulaire et sur le métabolisme du resvératrol. Sciences agricoles. Université de Bourgogne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011DIJOS090⟩. ⟨tel-00762764⟩



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