Simulation des matériaux magnétiques à base Cobalt par Dynamique Moléculaire Magnétique

Abstract : The magnetic properties of materials are strongly connected to their crystallographic structure. An atomistic model of the magnetization dynamics is developed which takes into account magneto-elasticity. Although this study is valid for all magnetic materials under temperatures, this study focuses only on Cobalt. In our effective model, atoms are described by three classical vectors as position, momentum and spin, which interact via an ad hoc magneto-mechanical potential.The atomistic spin dynamics is first considered. This method allows us to write the evolution equations of an atomic system of spins in which positions and impulsions are first frozen. However, a spin temperature is introduced to develop a natural connection with a thermal bath. Showing the limits of the stochastic approach, a genuine deterministic approach is followed to control the canonical temperature in this spin system.In a second step, several geometrical integrators are developed and analyzed to couple together both the molecular dynamics and atomic spin dynamics schemes. The connection between the spins and the lattice is provided by the atomic positions dependence of the magnetic potential. The novelty of this potential lies in the parameterization of the magnetic anisotropy which originates in the spin-orbit coupling. Using a dedicated pair model of anisotropy, the magnetostrictive constants of hcp-Co are restored. In a canonical system where pressure and temperature are controlled simultaneously, the transition of rotational magnetization of Co is found.Finally the magnetization reversals of super-paramagnetic Co nanodots is studied to quantify the impact of spin-lattice coupling respectively to recent measurements.
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David Beaujouan. Simulation des matériaux magnétiques à base Cobalt par Dynamique Moléculaire Magnétique. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112263⟩. ⟨tel-00760645⟩

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