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Le Cluster Mir-17-92, rôle dans la régulation de la réponse inflammatoire au cours de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde

Abstract : Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most frequently autoimmune disease with a prevalence of 1%. Resident cells of joints, the fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), act as key players in RA. Their activation through Pattern-recognition receptors leads to an aggressive phenotype, leading in the osteo-articular destruction of the joints. In this study, we aimed to discuss the link between Toll-like receptors (TLR) and miRNA pathway. We established the down-regulation of a few miRNA when FLS were activated through TLR2 and TLR4, including miR-19a and miR-19b (miR-19). We showed that miR-19 regulates directly Tlr2 and that transfection of miR-19 mimics leads to a decrease of IL-6 and MMP-3 synthesis in FLS. miR-19 belongs to the cluster miR-17~92, which is also down-regulated in activated FLS. This primary transcript encodes for 6 miRNA, including miR-20a, which is also down regulated upon TLR2 and TLR4 activation in FLS and further in THP-1, a monocyte cell-line. Then, we validated the predicted regulation of miR-20a on Ask1, an important kinase involved in TLR4 pathway. The transfection of miR-20a mimics in vitro represses ASK1 expression and inhibits several major cytokines in RA both in FLS and THP-1. Further, we confirmed these results on ex vivo experiments on peritoneal macrophages. These works allowed us to identify new anti-inflammatory miRNA that are downregulated and allow overexpression of TLR2 and ASK1 in RA FLS. These results open new experiments on in vivo models. All together, these data give new insights for identify new therapeutics in RA.
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Lucas Philippe. Le Cluster Mir-17-92, rôle dans la régulation de la réponse inflammatoire au cours de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAJ009⟩. ⟨tel-00759550⟩

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