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Nuclear retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) : novel unconventional non-genomic effects and novel partners

Abstract : Nuclear retinoic acid (RA) receptors (RARs) are ligand-dependent regulators of transcription. Their transcriptional activity relies mainly on their recruitment to specific DNA response elements and on their interactions with several coregulators at the ligand-binding domain. In addition to these classical genomic effects, the team of C. Rochette-Egly demonstrated that RA also induces the rapid activation of the p38MAPK/MSK1 pathway with characteristic downstream consequences on thephosphorylation of RARs and the expression of their target genes. Here I highlighted three novel paradigms in the field of the RARα subtype. I found that a fraction of the cellular RARα pool is present in membrane lipid rafts, where it interacts with G protein alpha Q in response to RA. This interaction is the signal for nongenomic effects, i.e. the activation of p38MAPK and of the downstream kinase MSK1. These effects have been correlated to the activation of RA-target genes, highlighting its physiological relevance. I identified a new binding partner of RARα, profilin IIA. I deciphered the mechanism of the interaction and found that it occurs in nuclei. Remarkably, profilin IIA modulates positively the genomic effects of RARα and is recruited with RARα to target genes promoters. Finally, in an attempt to decipher the relevance of the RARα interaction with profilin IIA, I found that RARα controls cell adhesion and spreading. This might suggest a novel genomic functionof RARα and profiling in the control of the expression of genes involved in adhesion. However, preliminary experiments indicate that a pool of RARα is present in the cytosol, suggesting also novel nongenomic effects. Whether RARα controls adhesion via its interaction in the cytosol proteins involved in adhesion will require further investigations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2012 - 4:57:13 PM
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Aleksandr Piskunov. Nuclear retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) : novel unconventional non-genomic effects and novel partners. Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAJ023⟩. ⟨tel-00756292⟩

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