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Nanotechnologies pour la bolométrie infrarouge

Abstract : This work was focused on bolometers (uncooled infrared sensors), which are based on the following principle: the incoming infrared radiation is absorbed by a self-standing membrane whose resistivity depends on temperature. In order to improve their design and performances, we explored two solutions based on nanotechnologies. On the one hand, optical and electronic (transport and noise) properties of carbon nanotube films have been investigated in order to evaluate the potential of this new material as a thermistor. Clean room processes, characterization benches and theoretical models have been developed. The obtained figures of merit allow to concluding on the lack of potential for applications in uncooled infrared sensors. On the second hand, subwavelength resonators based on metal-insulator-metal cavities, have been investigated and exhibit perfect, tunable and omni-directional absorption. An analytical model allowing a fast study and design of these resonators has been developed. Photon sorting and wideband absorption have been demonstrated thanks to the combination of these resonators at the sub-wavelength scale. We have thus proposed (and patented) the use of such “antennas” as micro-bolometer’s absorber. Indeed their capacity to focalize the incoming radiation at a subwavelength scale paves the way to the conception of high performance micro-bolometers.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2012 - 11:32:45 AM
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Charlie Koechlin. Nanotechnologies pour la bolométrie infrarouge. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112198⟩. ⟨tel-00754975⟩

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