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La perception de soi au cours du vieillissement : approche normale et pathologique à travers l'étude de la chute

Abstract : Elderly steadily diminished physical, sensory and sometimes cognitive individuals abilities. The aging body also converts the image presented to others and to oneself. The perception that the elderly person then herself is a question which is not inconsequential. Realistic perception of physical seems necessary in motor actions while the optimistic perception of self and the environment seems necessary to maintain morale.Our goal is to study a relatively comprehensive self-perception in the elderly. For this, we study the perceptions of older people has their own abilities in performing motor acts (posturability on slope, crossing over an obstacle), their perceptions of themselves by achieving of self-assessment questionnaires, particularly their perceptions of their age. We also examine the perceptions they have of others, especially those that have other seniors. The objective is to study the positive and negative impacts on their health perceptions of older correct or incorrect. Our first two studies showed the existence of a bias of overestimating postural abilities among older participants, which could be related to a positive vision of themselves. Then our research is concerned with the existence of this overestimation of motor skills in older people with cognitive impairment (Alzheimer's disease at a beginning stage). In the second part, our research turned to the estimate that seniors have of themselves, especially in student self-assessment and hetero-age estimation.Our studies showed that older people usually adopted an optimistic view of themselves and their motor skills do not match reality. This optimistic view, although to maintain morale may be related to the endangerment on the motor.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2012 - 11:27:11 AM
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Myriam Noel. La perception de soi au cours du vieillissement : approche normale et pathologique à travers l'étude de la chute. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LIL2S010⟩. ⟨tel-00754972⟩

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