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La liberté et la puissance de l’intuition chez Bergson : À travers le temps qui « agit » et la force de négation

Abstract : We can say that the action of time and the intuitive power of negation are important aspects in Bergson’s reflections on his point of departure. And when we survey his works, it seems to us that they cannot be neglected. First, Bergson arrives already at a method of acquiring knowledge which differs from the intelligence. As intuition is a method of the knowlege proper to Bergson, intuition that has the power of negation is an important discovery. Second, this intuition urges itself to proceed to an intuition of the duration. And the former supports the latter. Third, his notion of the action of time is an original understanding of its experience. One of the foundations of the freedom and one of the contents of the freedom are derived from the action of time and this previously mentioned intuition. Fourth, Bergson emphasizes that the illusion of the « possible » leads us to misunderstand « the radical novelty ». And this understanding shows that the free act and the universe are both creations of novelty. The notion of the illusion of the « possible » that is established in his later years has its origin in his reflections on his point of de departure. Finally, it seems that to obtain an original understanding through the intuitive power of the negation is a Bergson’s way of studying his subject. He gathers scientific or academic facts. He identifies problems through the use of the intuitive power of the negation. In short, it seems that we can imagine that what is profound in Bergson’s thought comes from the action of time and the intuitive power of negation. So we think that the reflections on the point of departure is worthy of in-depth consideration.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 16, 2012 - 3:27:24 PM
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Kazuhiko Hirano. La liberté et la puissance de l’intuition chez Bergson : À travers le temps qui « agit » et la force de négation. Philosophie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20048⟩. ⟨tel-00752855⟩

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