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Graphages à type d'isomorphisme prescrit

Abstract : We consider a measure preserving standard borel equivalence relation R on a standard probability space (X,µ). We study a particular property of homogeneity for a fixed graphing of the relation R : We assume that the leaves of the graphing are all isomorphic to a given transitive graph Γ (connected, infinite, locally finite). What can be known about the relation ?In this case, considering a « Mackey action », we show that there exists a standard covering of (X,µ) i.e. a standard space Z; a probability measure η; a free, measure-preserving action on Z of G the (locally compact, second countable) group of all graph automorphisms of Γ and a stable isomorphism of the associated measured groupoid with R. We investigate some links between properties of G (resp. of the graph Γ) and those of R. In particular, Kazhdan property (T), Haagerup property (H) and amenability are preserved from the graph to the relation and conversely. We also deduce from the construction some couplings of measured equivalence (more generally some randembeddings) between subgroups of G and any group orbitally containing R. In a second chapter, we deal with the relative property (T) for the pairs (ΓxZ^2,Z^2), where Γ is a non-amenable subgroup of SL(2,Z). This property was first proved by M. Burger. Later on, Y. Shalom gave a more geometrical proof in the case of SL(2,Z)xZ^2, by using partitions of the plane. Following the same techniques in the general case of Burger's theorem, we develop an algorithm producing explicit constants for all pairs (ΓxZ^2,Z^2).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 13, 2012 - 10:12:09 AM
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Pierre-Adelin Mercier. Graphages à type d'isomorphisme prescrit. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENSL0740⟩. ⟨tel-00751265⟩

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