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Comparaison du comportement tribologique des molécules de thiophosphates et de phosphates de zinc en tant qu'additifs anti-usure.

Abstract : Thanks to its antioxidant, anti-wear and extreme pressure properties, zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) is nowadays the most used anti-wear additives in engine oil. Due to environmental protection concerns, new lubricants with good tribological performances (low friction and low wear) are developed. This research aims to evaluate the current limitations of ZDDP and to find alternative environmentally friendly solutions. Thus, the target is to reduce the quantity of phosphorus and sulphur in lubricants, two essential elements of ZDDP molecule that damage catalytic. The objective of this thesis is to study tribological behavior of zinc phosphate di alkyl (ZP) in comparison to ZDDP. The experimental method performed is the coupling of friction test with surface physico-chemical characterisation of rubbing surface after tests.This comparison carried out according to the temperature (25°C and 100°C), the sliding speed (25, 50, 100 mm/s) and additives concentrations (200 and 600 ppm). The best anti-wear efficiency is obtained with the ZDDP additive at 100°C - 100 mm/s and with the ZP at 25°C - 25 mm/s. For both additives and under these conditions, tribofilms are mainly made of zinc phosphate.A tribological synergy are obtained with a lubricant contained ZP (low wear) and oleyl urea (low friction). Complementary tests were made on a original dynamic tribometer for a better understanding of ZDDP tribofilm friction behavior. The viscous character of ZDDP tribofilm was obtained.
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Paule Njiwa. Comparaison du comportement tribologique des molécules de thiophosphates et de phosphates de zinc en tant qu'additifs anti-usure.. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ECDL0044⟩. ⟨tel-00750886⟩

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