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Synthèse de nouveaux glycoimidazoles, inhibiteurs potentiels de glycosidases : préparation et utilisation en synthèse de glutaconaldéhydes oxydés en position 2 et de N-acylaminopentadiénals

Abstract : The first part of this manuscript is dedicated to glycosidase inhibition. Because enzyme-catalyzed carbohydrate hydrolysis is a biologically widespread process, glycosidase inhibitors have many potential applications as therapeutic agents. Glycosidase inhibitors are extremely useful probes to understand vital functions of glycosidases in living systems. They are also interesting tools to study mechanisms involved in the hydrolysis by different glycosidase families and to understand conformational pathways more particularly close to the transition state of the reaction.In parallel with the importance of the orientation of C2-O2 and C3-O3 bonds for the stereoselectivity of 4,6-O-benzylidene-directed b-mannopyranosylation, the role of interactions with C3-O3 bond during enzymatic hydrolysis for b-mannosidases prompted us to develop new glycoimidazoles, potential glycosidases inhibitors. Nowadays, glycoimidazoles are considered as the best transition state mimics; that is why we were interested in these molecules. Enzyme inhibition through mimicry of the transition state is indeed a major area for the design of new therapeutic agents.The enzymatic catalysis for b-mannosidases appears to use an unusual B2,5 conformational pathway for a better accommodation of the double bond character and the positive charge on the pyranose ring close to the transition state. There is now strong support for a similar pathway for a-mannosidases. Golgi a-mannosidases are involved in cancer metastasis and this strengthens the interest of developing new glycosidases inhibitors.Our strategy leaned on Vasella's work with the construction of a tetrahydroimidazopyridine bicyclic skeleton, via an intramolecular oxoethylamidine cyclization. It allowed us to prepare new glycoimidazoles in about fifteen steps. These compounds are modified in position 3 compared to those reported in the literature. They are expected to adopt a B2,5 conformation which would allow us to get better transition state mimics than those actually known for -mannosidases.In the second part, we discuss the preparation and use of oxidized glutaconaldehydes and N-acylaminopentadienals in organic synthesis. After reminding of the importance of glutaconaldehydes and aminopentadienals in the biosynthetic scenario of manzamine alkaloids, we will see that these species are possible intermediates in the synthesis of pyrrole-2-aminoimidazoles (P-2-AI), a marine alkaloids family. A practical method to access glutaconaldehydes allowed us to prepare these species oxidized in position 2 and to begin a study of the reactivity of 2-alkoxy-N-acylaminopentadienals. Finally, in the last chapter, a new access to N-acyl-5-aminopenta-2,4-dienals through base-induced ring-opening of N-acylated furfurylamines is reported.
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Cécile Ouairy. Synthèse de nouveaux glycoimidazoles, inhibiteurs potentiels de glycosidases : préparation et utilisation en synthèse de glutaconaldéhydes oxydés en position 2 et de N-acylaminopentadiénals. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112243⟩. ⟨tel-00750565⟩

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