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Theses

Contrôle modal autoadaptatif de vibrations de structures évolutives

Abstract : The lightness of structure due to the reduction of cost results in some structures which are more and more flexible. This flexibility makes these structures more sensitive to vibrations. The vibration control becomes an important issue in lots of industrial applications, and now the limitation of materials imposes a requirement of active control more and more frequently.The change of time-varying structure(ageing effect, boundaries conditions, architecture of structure etc)brings the robust problem of control.Further more,the action of device which emerges more and more frequently in mechanical fields introduces not only an additional cause of vibrations,but also a source of control and a source for changing the architecture of structures.The thesis focuses on self-adaptive active control of vibration which permits to keep up automatically the performance and stability of the time-varying structures.So it needs to overcome the knowing about cause and information on the changes.The proposed method relies on a development of modal technology which permits to limit the amount of component in control system and to target on the modes which need to be controlled.So the energy of control is limited. Further more,it needs to reconstruct the characteristics of modal model which are indispensable for updating the control.In this case, only the structure of model is fixed.Overcoming the knowing about cause of change in the structure and using only the structure of model, this method can be generalized for all applications in mechanical structures.The proposed method is based on the utilization of an identifier which uses both the excitation and response of the structure.And this method considers the limitations induced by the controller.The model forms le link which should be established between the identifier and the controller for allowing the updating. Further more, a compromise between the objective of reducing vibrations and the performance of identification is necessary due to the coupling effect of identification/control which appears in the closed-loop. This compromise is also conditioned by the used equipments.The proposed method is carried out on a discrete time-varying structure for showing an inversion of mode shape during its change. This inversion of mode shape destabilises a fixed control system. The operated choices for responding the different previous quoted compromise lead to a classic controller (LQG) and an identifier based on the subspace method (N4SID).This application on a simple structure permitted to characterise some physical limitation: the bandwidth, the modal density and the velocity of change…The proposed self-adaptive modal control is proved to be robust in terms of performance and be efficient when the updating is systematical. Always based on the analysis of the response of the structure, a conditional variant is finally proposed for optimizing the process of updating in order to follow the change more efficiently.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 8, 2012 - 3:42:19 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00749905, version 1

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Fengyan Deng. Contrôle modal autoadaptatif de vibrations de structures évolutives. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0042⟩. ⟨tel-00749905⟩

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