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Reformulations, contacts de langues et compétence de communication : analyse linguistique et interactionnelle dans des discussions entre jeunes Libanais francophones

Abstract : This PhD thesis approaches reformulation in conversations between young francophone Lebanese. It starts with a lexicological approach of the words formulate/reformulate/reformulation in order to emphasize their differences with say/say again, utter/utter again and goes on with a deep analysis of reformulation as a discursive object, followed by a two-fold approach of the occurrences in the corpus. The first approach is a linguistic one and also deals with the interactional dimension of reformulations. Quantitative and qualitative analyses emphasize the role of morphosyntax in marking reformulations, completing the approaches based on discourse markers and connectives. The second approach, focusing on the speakers, takes into account their non-native speaker status. We are questioning here the way in which reformulations can provide information about their communicative competence. Reformulation is seen as a communicative strategy they use in order to solve communication problems. Our work ends with the analysis of a Lebanese French discourse marker, jæʕne, used by the speakers to indicate reformulation (among other things). The first part of the analysis draws a typology of all its uses within the grammaticalization/pragmaticalization framework while the second one studies it as a language contact phenomenon.
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Layal Kanaan. Reformulations, contacts de langues et compétence de communication : analyse linguistique et interactionnelle dans des discussions entre jeunes Libanais francophones. Linguistique. Université d'Orléans, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ORLE1122⟩. ⟨tel-00747329⟩

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