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La Première Guerre Mondiale dans l'hebdomadaire 'Eskualduna

Abstract : The Basque language weekly Eskualduna was founded by Louis Etcheverry the Bonapartistpolitician, in a climate of political tension between the white and red. It was a weekly thatwas close to the Church, opposed the Republic and was politically linked to the FrenchRight. The publication had thousands of readers in the Continental Basque Country. It wasin this context that the French national consciousness was being constructed, and the tugof-war between European nation-states in 1914 broke out with the First World War.Eskualduna gave a major coverage of the war. Its editors and reporters were mobilized andthe weekly published articles written directly from the war front. In addition to logisticalproblems, the newspaper had to undergo censorship, even if publication accepted theofficial warrant. During the war, the weekly asserted that France was in a good situation; itminimized the lapels and emphasized the good news for France. Although the Basquecharacter had a great presence in the newspaper, this should not be interpreted as amanifestation of a Basque national consciousness. On the contrary, the newspaper, and its6editors, identified with France. Basque identity was understood as forming part of Frenchidentity. The Catholic nature was the third axis of the of the publication’s characteristics.The weekly emphasized the fact that soldiers were good Christians and that God was withFrance. Hence, Eskualduna tried to demonstrate that the consequences of the lawseparating Church and State were unfair and it claimed that France was indeed a Christiancountry.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 30, 2012 - 2:17:27 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00747067, version 1

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Eneko Bidegain. La Première Guerre Mondiale dans l'hebdomadaire 'Eskualduna. Linguistique. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012BOR30018⟩. ⟨tel-00747067⟩

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