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Emploi de techniques de traitement de signal MIMO pour des applications dédiées réseaux de capteurs sans fil

Abstract : The aim of this work is to study from a signal processing point of view the use of MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) communication systems for algorithms dedicated to wireless sensor networks. We investigate energy-constrained wireless sensor networks and we focus on cluster topology of the network. This topology permits for the use of MIMO communication system model. First, we review different aspects that characterize the wireless sensor network. Then, we introduce the existing strategies for energy conservation in the network. The basic concepts of MIMO systems are presented in the second chapter and numerical results are provided for evaluating the performances of MIMO techniques. Of particular interest, polarization diversity over rich scattering environment is studied. Thereafter, beamforming approach is proposed for the development of an original localization algorithm in wireless sensor network. The novel algorithm is described and performances are evaluated by simulation. We determine the optimal system configuration between a pair of clusters that permits for the highest capacity to energy ratio in the fourth chapter. The final chapter is devoted to sensor nodes selection in wireless sensor network. The aim of using such technique is to make energy conservation in the network.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 24, 2012 - 2:07:12 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00745006, version 1

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Maha Ben Zid. Emploi de techniques de traitement de signal MIMO pour des applications dédiées réseaux de capteurs sans fil. Autre. Université de Grenoble; Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENT017⟩. ⟨tel-00745006⟩

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